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MIKON – Environmental Impacts of Industrial Development in the North is one of six research flagships at the FRAM – High North Research Centre for Climate and the Environment. MIKON

was established in response to the anticipated increase in industrial activity in northern and arctic areas and the need for comprehensive knowledge of the environmental impacts of this

availability and utilization of renewable resources, and the accompanying development of infrastructure are currently changing the human pressure on arctic and northern ecosystems. Industries involved in this change include extractive industries such as petroleum and mining; marine industries such as fishing, marine harvest and aquaculture; production of renewable energy such as wind and hydroelectric power; shipping; and tourism. Knowledge of the combined environmental impacts of this industrial development is a key to sustainable governance of arctic ecosystems and cultural heritage. Sustainable development will be vital for preserving indigenous cultures, maintaining and developing healthy human communities, preserving biodiversity and securing the future flow of ecosystem services to human societies. To answer this challenge, MIKON will provide new knowledge regarding the environmental impacts of industrial development in northern and arctic areas. Environmental impacts are defined as the combined impacts on habitats, organisms, ecosystems, cultural heritage and human societies. The research will be problem-oriented, exploring solutions to environmental problems and seeking directions that achieve environmentally sustainable development. The knowledge will be relevant for, and feed into, ecosystem-based management, the development of environmentally friendly industries and sustainable governance of arctic communities. Under research Theme I, MIKON will conduct synthesis research to support ecosystembased management. The synthesis of existing data and literature will evaluate ecosystem indicators, assess the combined impacts from multiple human stressors, and assess the vulnerability of arctic ecosystems to specific industries. The research will be particularly relevant for management authorities developing ecosystem-based management in arctic  marine and terrestrial ecosystems. Under research Theme II, MIKON will conduct empirical research to identify the impacts of industrial stressors on organisms, habitats, landscapes and cultural heritage, as well as to explore solutions for reducing the impact of these stressors on arctic ecosystems. The dispersion and distribution of industrial emissions in air and in aquatic and terrestrial environments will be investigated. Studies will also investigate the effects of mitigation measures and restoration efforts. The results from this research will be used as an input in Theme I and will be important for developing environmentally friendly industries. Under research Theme III, MIKON will conduct studies of socio-ecological systems to evaluate how new and existing industries affect the availability and use of ecosystem services. Comparative research and studies of governance processes will be used to identify sustainability challenges associated with industrial development. The research will emphasize the impacts on local communities and indigenous people, including traditional pastoral (e.g., reindeer herding) and subsistence activities. This research will contribute to the syntheses ofTheme I and will be particularly relevant for the governance of industrial development in arctic communities


Full scientific plan Scientific_Program_MIKON_2020

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