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NIKU – Norsk institutt for kulturminneforskning

Year: 2019
Project manager: Marius Warg Næss
Project code: 732018

It has been shown that when certain conditions are met, groups of people are capable of sustainable managing their common resources. The traditional Saami siida was such a group because it was: (1) rela-tively small, consisting of 2-8 households; (2) based on kinship, formed around a core sibling group; (3) characterized by a norm of equality – herding partners were equals regardless of social status; (4) infor-mally led by a wealthy and skillful person whose authority was primarily related to herding. Moreover, (5) access to pastures were informally regulated according to siida membership. Nevertheless, the siida sys-tem is currently in the process of being transformed to a legal entity and thus might change several of the characteristic of the traditional siida and subsequently impact its ability to manage pastures as a common resource. This study thus aims at investigating: (1) how, if at all, the siida system have been impacted by the process legal consolidation; (2) to what degree the traditional characteristics of the siida have changed; and (3) if these changes have affected the siidas’ ability of sustainable managing common resources.

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