Vegetation shapes and is being shaped by climate on our Emerald Planet. Vegetation operates in feedbacks in the climate system, involving also the atmosphere, soils and the hydrological cycle. Shifts and migration of vegetation as a result of climate change are already taking place in northern environments. Research groups in Norway are currently contributing key knowledge on the interactions and feedbacks between land surface processes, terrestrial ecosystems, and the climate system, yet progress is hampered by the field being scattered and fragmented. EMERALD will consolidate, structure, and develop this interdisciplinary research field by engaging global and regional scale climate modelers, land surface process experts and ecologists in a joint effort to assess ecosystem states and dynamics in response to climate variability and change. The focus is on high latitudes with boreal, alpine and Arctic vegetation, including Svalbard in a larger pan-Arctic context. EMERALD integrates across existing data from a wealth of already existing field sites covering a wide range of high latitude ecosystems, experimental facilities and observational systems. Based on observations, EMERALD aims to explain the processes and improve their representation in the Norwegian Earth System model (NorESM) with a long-term goal to improve climate projections. EMERALD takes research in Norway on terrestrial ecosystems-climate interactions a big leap ahead. Stakeholder groups will be involved through the Norwegian Centre for Climate Services. The Fram Centre flagship funding sought here will make it possible to put additional emphasis on climate change impacts on vegetation and feedbacks to the climate system.
Project manager: firstname.lastname@example.org